PUNE: With the onset of monsoon, common symptoms of upset stomach also beset us. An annual aliment, doctors from the city have issued a caution and said that there has been a rise in stomach related diseases by 10 to 12 per cent this year. Students, marketing professionals and others, who tend to eat outside, suffer more during this time.
Gastrointestinal infections are viral, bacterial or parasitic infections that cause gastroenteritis, an inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract involving both the stomach and the small intestine. Symptoms include diarrhoea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
Speaking to Sakal Times, Dr Parimal Lawate, gastroenterologist from the city, said that marketing professionals and students tend to fall prey more to gastrointestinal infections due to eating outside food.
“In some professions, the person has to roam around a lot, which means that they tend to eat outside food. This includes students, who also often like to eat out. Due to monsoon, outside food and water are contaminated and, hence, there are more patients with this problem in this season,” said Lawate.
According to the data furnished by the Health Department of the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC), there have been 11 cases of enteric fever reported in the month of August to the PMC run hospital. In this year, there have been 52 cases of enteric fever.
Typhoid fever is a type of enteric fever along with paratyphoid fever. The cause is the bacterium salmonella typhi, also known as salmonella enterica serotype typhi, growing in the intestines and blood.
Typhoid is spread by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with the feces of an infected person.
Also, only one patient suffered from cholera and the case was reported in the month of July.
Dr Rohit Shool, General Surgeon from Saishree Hospital, said that as compared to other seasons, monsoon witnesses more such cases. “During monsoon, there is high coral contamination in outside food and water. There is virus, bacteria and protozoa contamination that affect a person. There is also the threat of typhoid, cholera and Hepatitis A and jaundice. Moreover, a patient can also get vomiting, diarrhoea and dysentery,” said Shool.
Shool also added that patients with high risk, which is low immunity and already suffering from other diseases, can have these diseases.