Sangini Ghayal (49) is the only woman fish farmer in Pune district, who is practising pisciculture of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) for the last one year near Malawandi Thule in Maval. With an experience of 20 years in the real estate sector in the purchase and accounts department, Ghayal chose fish farming as an alternative income source to support her husband.
“I have worked for around 20 years in the real estate sector in the purchase and accounts department. However, I quit my full-time job in 2013 and joined my husband’s business, who works as a civil engineer. However, since his business was not doing well, I decided to look for an alternative business. I was very much interested in fish farming. Therefore, I decided to start my own fish culture,” said Sangini Ghayal.
Ghayal completed her training from Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture near Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh in 2018 and started her unit in January 2019.
She said, “There are a lot of good government schemes, especially for women, but there is hardly any awareness. For fish culture, the government offers many subsidies. It also requires investment but the returns are extremely good. After completing the official procedure with the fisheries department, I started the fish culture of GIFT in 24 cages in Maval in January 2019. I harvested my first crop weighing around seven to eight tonnes in August-September and generated revenue of Rs 8 to 10 lakh.”
“I have also employed five people to work at these cages, which also helps in generating jobs for the locals.”
Talking about the challenges, Sangini Ghayal said, “During my first crop of GIFT, I got only 20,000 seeds as I wanted to do it on a pilot basis. Since I was new and did not have much idea, so in my first crop, there was high mortality as fish were unable to get proper oxygen. My second crop is in the process. This time, I got 60,000 seeds that will be ready for harvest in June this year. I am also in the process of bringing 1 lakh seeds for my next crop after the June harvest and eventually scale up production.”
Ghayal is planning to set up a 100 cages of GIFT in Pavana soon. She said, “I am also in the process of starting 100 cages in Pavana dam for GIFT and have applied for the NFDB- Government of India’s integrated project for GIFT. It is under process and if everything works out, it will allow me to provide jobs to around 40 people.”