Heavy rain in shorter duration likely: Expert
There is a possibility of longer dry spells and more rainfall in a shorter duration during the monsoon this year, which may adversely affect various parts of the State, said agro-meteorologist Ramchandra Sable.
Pune: There is a possibility of longer dry spells and more rainfall in a shorter duration during the monsoon this year, which may adversely affect various parts of the State, said agro-meteorologist Ramchandra Sable.
Sable was addressing a press meet on Saturday. He said that there is a need to conserve more water, though normal rainfall has been predicted by the Met department.
“Across the State, around 95 per cent rainfall is expected as compared to normal. Konkan region may receive less rainfall at 90 per cent with respect to normal. Overall, western Maharashtra will receive five per cent less than normal rainfall whereas Vidarbha will get 100 per cent and Marathwada will receive 96 per cent of normal rainfall,” said Sable. He added that there is a need for better water management.
“Missions such as Jalyukta Shivar and artificial ponds to address water management should be encouraged. Dryland agriculture in Maharashtra accounts for 82 per cent. This also means that 82 per cent farming depends only on rainwater for irrigation. As the rainfall across the State is expected to be normal, more emphasis should be on crops that require less water like bajra, split pigeon peas (tur), yellow lentils (moong), black gram and mat bean (matki),” said Sable.
He advised farmers having light soil not to plant cotton or reduce cotton production.
“Instead corn or soybean should be planted as the rainfall this year would be comparatively less,” he said.
He highlighted that there is a possibility of strong weather systems in the Bay of Bengal this monsoon season.
“During these weather systems, there are chances that eastern parts of Vidarbha and eastern parts of Marathwada may experience more rainfall,” said Sable.
Effect of Climate Change
Sable added that this year, the monsoon would be weak as there is less rainfall predicted for Konkan region.
“All of these changes are due to global warming and climate change. In the last 10 years, there have been three major drought-like situations. Farmers, along with the government, should study the drought condition of 2012, 2015 and 2018. This can help the farmers and government to plan better for the coming years, as due to climate change, the scenario is going to get worse,” said Sable.
Heatwave till June 4
According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), heatwave to severe heatwave conditions over the northwest, central and adjoining east and Peninsular India will prevail till June 4.