Pune: Speaking about the sudden and untimely death of renowned Bollywood actress Sridevi, late on Saturday in Dubai, city-based cardiologists said it is possible to get a cardiac arrest due to heart arrhythmia under the influence of alcohol. The golden hour plays a very vital role in case of a cardiac arrest.
The post-mortem report of the actress stated that she died due to accidental drowning and traces of alcohol were found in her blood. She was 54 years old.
Speaking to Sakal Times, Dr Hemant Kokane, a cardiologist from the Sassoon General Hospital (SGH), said heart arrhythmia may happen under the influence of alcohol.
“In heart arrhythmia, the heart rate increases and the condition can lead to cardiac arrest. Also, in case of drowning, a cardiac arrest can occur. These conditions can become fatal and first aid in such condition is very important,” said Kokane.
Speaking about the possible condition the actress might have suffered, Dr Ramakanta Panda, cardiovascular thoracic surgeon and Vice-Chairman of the Asian Heart Institute, said there are two reasons for a sudden death due to heart attack like this.
“Firstly, a non-critical block in a major heart artery suddenly ruptures due to extreme stress causing massive heart attack and death. The blockage in it would be non-critical. Hence, it goes undetected. Secondly, the patient has a weak heart muscle, which is asymptomatic,” said Panda.
“The heart suddenly stops because of an irregular signal generated from heart muscles, which is also called cardiomyopathy, that is heart failure,” added Panda.
Talking about the numbers, 75 per cent deaths happen due to rhythm problem after the heart attack, said Dr Aniruddha Chandorkar.
“In 75 per cent cases, the heart rhythm disorder becomes fatal for the patient. Also, in around 70 per cent cases, non-critical blocks result in heart attacks. The only way to save a person from these situations is to get the patient proper care in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU),” said Chandorkar.
Golden hour is important
Dr Hemant Kokane said as a first aid, a trained person should administer Automated External Defibrillator (AED) to the patient.
“In foreign countries, AED is available everywhere. It can be used as first aid in case of cardiac arrest. However, in India, we do not see many people trained to give first aid, in case of such situations. Awareness should be spread about this,” said Kokane.
Speaking about the importance of the golden hour, Dr Aniruddha Chandorkar, said a person can be saved if appropriate treatment is given in the golden hour. “The golden hour plays a very vital role. We all should be familiar with Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), which is a basic step that can help patients,” said Chandorkar.
Symptoms & first aid
† Preliminary symptoms of cardiac arrest is pain in the left side of the chest
† Golden hour plays an important role. Hence, take the patient to hospital immediately
† Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), which is a basic step that can help patients
† Automated External Defibrillator (AED) can also be helpful