Pune: According to a survey report, it was found that around 91 per cent people believe that the changes in Jammu and Kashmir will help to establish peace and prosperity in the country.
The Pune-based think tank, Center for Strategic Research (CSR) has surveyed the changes in Jammu and Kashmir and has taken an opinion from 1,000 experts on the issues of national security. These included professors, journalists as well as officials.
An official from another think tank, Jammu-Kashmir Study Center, Professor Vinay Chati said, "It is true that the experts and analysts believe that change in the valley will help the country to establish peace and stability. I have travelled in the valley after the abrogation of Article 370. Majority of the Kashmiri people have also backed the changes," he said.
Experts on national security had also claimed that the abrogation of Article 370 is based on the faith and trust in the People of Jammu and Kashmir. On the recommendation of Parliament, the President issued a Declaration under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution and gave assent to the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019.
Accordingly, the former state of Jammu and Kashmir was re-organised as the new Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir, along with another new Union Territory of Ladakh, on October 31, 2019.
After the coming into force of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, from October 31, 2019, the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir was reorganised into the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir with Legislature and the Union territory of Ladakh without Legislature.
On December 19, 2018, President's Rule was imposed in the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir under Article 356 of the Constitution of India. As Article 356 of the Constitution of India does not apply to the Union territories, the President's Rule was revoked on October 31, 2019.
As the Legislative Assembly in the new Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir is not in existence, to avoid any constitutional vacuum, a Presidential Order was issued on 31st October 2019 under Section 73 of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 imposing President's Rule in the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
An order was also issued by the President to authorise expenditure out of the consolidated fund of Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir under section 74 of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 on October 31, 2019.