Pune: With no standardised treatment or vaccines to treat coronavirus (COVID-19) patients, doctors from the city have been treating the patients’ case to case while strictly following the guidelines issued by World Health Organization (WHO) and Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR).
Speaking to Sakal Times, Dr (Col) Manoj Kumar Gupta, General Physician at Lybrate.com said that being a novel virus, there is still no clarity on how exactly the virus grows inside the body. Since there is no standardised treatment, doctors are providing only supportive treatment to the patients.
“According to the reports from WHO and ICMR, the virus is affecting the lungs leading to suffocation and multi-organ failure and death. There are various presumptions that it is autoimmune wherein the body’s immune system starts acting against its own body. The main area affected by this virus is throat and nasal mucosa resulting in the release of a lot of mucus. This mucus leads to blockage of the airway leading to suffocation,” said Dr Gupta.
“In case somebody suffers from breathing problems or high fever, or are serious they are admitted to a quarantine centre or COVID Hospital for treatment which is given on case-based depending upon the severity of the condition,” said Dr Gupta.
Oxygen and fluid treatment
“Right now, doctors are providing supportive treatment like Oxygen and fluid treatment to maintain oxygenation and electrolytes balance to prevent multi-organ failure. The patient’s immunity, along with the help of supportive therapy helps in recovery,” said Dr Gupta.
Plasma transplant system
“Various hospitals across the country are now planning for Plasma Treatment which means that Plasma from COVID-19 recovered-patient is transfused in infected patients. This plasma transplant treatment has given a positive response in treatment; hence Government has given permission for trials and based on its effectiveness, further strategy might be devised, and guidelines will be issued,” said Gupta.
Sharing similar inputs, Rakesh Maurya, Lead Scientist at Redcliffe Life Sciences, said that the COVID-19 virus attacks the respiratory system leading to difficulties in breathing, and severe burning sensation in the chest.
Provides artificial respiration
“In such cases, doctors rely on providing artificial respiration through ventilators and also intra-venous fluids to maintain the electrolyte balance in the body. In the absence of such life-support, fatalities occur,” said Maurya.
He added that at present, various treatment procedures are being tried by multiple healthcare providers, and the focus is on finding the most effective therapy for COVID-19.
“Patients are currently given supportive therapies, and the recovery is dependent upon the body’s immune system,” said Maurya.