Pune: According to the National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) Report 2015, out of the 91,528 male suicides, maximum suicides were committed by daily wage earners followed by persons engaged in the farming sector, which highlighted that uncertainty and stress at workplace is the foremost reason behind these numbers.
Speaking about finding work daily, a worker from Yerawada, Sunil Rathod, said that only uncertainty is certain. “I, along with others, come here daily. Some days we get a good paying job, some days we don’t. It directly impacts our families. My wife does daily chores in houses near our locality. Hence, there is some money that we get but it is not enough. For a family of three, sometimes it becomes difficult to manage proper meals for everyone,” said Rathod.
Speaking about vagaries of nature, Shashikant Patil, a grape farmer from Sangli, said, “Grape is a very sensitive crop. It requires a specific climate and temperature to be maintained for it to grow well. Even a couple of degrees drop in temperature can cause it to develop fungus. Even if it gets cloudy for a while, you have to tend to the plant. Whether it is daytime or night, one has to rush to the farm and spray fungicide,” said Patil.
He said farming is not just physical exertion, but mental as well. “At the back of your mind, you’re always thinking of the loans you took, interest rates, weather. No matter how hard you toil in the mud and dirt; handle chemicals and urea; you are never sure what natural calamity or condition will ruin your crop. Even if you harvest well, there’s the market, which is volatile,” added Patil.
Speaking to Sakal Times, Vaibhav Dengale, a student in Pune hailing from Sangamner district, said his father, a farmer, had been diagnosed with high blood pressure and diabetes two years back.
“The reason being high stress during work. Our village does not get water by canals, whereas all the neighbouring villages do. To add to this factor, the weather also plays an evil game with farmers with good or average rainfall. Not just this, there is no certainty of getting back good returns on investment,” said Dengale.
Dengale further added that in the middle of all this, it is very difficult to go ahead with studies in another city. “I can only imagine the financial burden my family goes through to sustain me in Pune. When I suggested to my father that I would help him, he said I must focus on getting a government job to secure my future and his old age,” said Dengale.
Narrating a similar story, Vibhushan Sabde, working with a pharmaceutical company and son of a farmer from Shirdi, said his father asked him to stay in the city.
“Many times, my father has asked me to stay in the city and keep the job. No farmer wants his son to stay back and continue farming. The only reason is it never gives financial support it should be giving to the family,” said Sabde.
Read the earlier parts here:
Stress at Workplace Part 1: Who treats our healthcare providers?
Stress at Workplace Part 2: They keep driving against all odds to serve people