Six-day-old baby undergoes rare heart surgery
Transposition of the great arteries is a serious and rare heart defect which is present at birth. Without adequate supply of oxygen-rich blood, the body cannot function properly.
PUNE: A six days old baby born with congenital heart disease underwent an open heart surgery recently at a city-based hospital. The baby was born with the condition ‘transposition of the great arteries’ at a government hospital and then shifted to Jupiter Hospital as an emergency case.
Transposition of the great arteries is a serious and rare heart defect present at birth due to abnormal development of fetal heart. In condition of ‘transposition of the great arteries’, the aorta is connected to the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery is connected to the left ventricle. This is exactly the opposite of a normal heart's anatomy.
However, this changes the way blood circulates through the body, leaving a shortage of oxygen in blood flowing from the heart to the rest of the body. Without adequate supply of oxygen-rich blood, the body cannot function properly and patient faces complications or death if not operated.
The surgery was performed at Jupiter Hospital, Baner by Dr Abhijeet Naik and his team including Paediatric Cardiologist Dr Rahul Saraf and Chief Intensivist Dr Shrinivas Tambe.
The parents of the baby are from Nepal and his father works as a security guard in Pune. The family comes from a poor socio-economic background so the surgery was performed under ‘Hruday Sparsh’, an initiative by the hospital to spread awareness and provide medical and surgical treatment to patients in the lower socio-economic background.
Speaking about the rare case, Dr Abhijeet Naik, said this condition requires emergency surgery called as ‘arterial switch operation’.
“The risk factor in this surgery is around 10 per cent in babies who weigh less than 2.5 kg and this baby was two kg. However, the good thing is that we are now able to do such complex surgeries in Pune itself,” said Dr Naik.