Pune: Showing concern over massification in higher education, Boston Philip Altbach, Founding Director of Centre for International Higher Education, said that the quality of higher education across the globe is on the decline. He was delivering a lecture on 'Global Trends in Higher Education' at the Department of Management Sciences, Pune University (PUMBA).
Philip said, “The problem today is that there is massification of higher education. Which means that the number of students going for higher education has increased considerably. Before 1960, in all European countries, no more than 15 per cent students would go to higher education or post-high school education. But now, it has increased to 50 to 70 per cent. In East Asia, Japan has the highest number of students going for higher education followed by Taiwan and South Korea."
"This gives rise to a number of private universities or institutes for higher education. This affects the quality of higher education. Secondly, emergence of global knowledge economy too is on rise. In the United States alone, among 3,000 universities, 220 are top and world-class universities,” he said.
"India needs global competitive institutes for comprehensive research. Germany has waived the tuition fee, even Chile did the same, but it had to roll back the decision owing to financial crunch. But then, you cannot have world-class universities if there is no contribution from the end users. I am glad that today India is going through a transition period. I know India since 1947. Earlier, there used to be many policies but now the actual implementation is happening,” he said.
He spoke on how India can be among the world-class universities. He said, “India needs sustained financing, corrupt free administration, no bureaucracy, faculty on regular basis, top students selected on merit, good governance and autonomy. It should be freed from the clutches of UGC and AICTE and other boards."
"If India has to increase the inward flow of foreign students, then it needs to have good infrastructure and other facilities. It should also work towards internationalisation of the universities,” he said.
Vice-chancellor Nitin Karmalkar presented the closing note.