Pune: There has been a drastic change in climate due to increasing population, emission of carbon-dioxide, methane and nitrogen in the atmosphere. Keeping in mind the impact of changing climate, Maharashtra government has drawn an adaptation policy and strategy to curb the situation in near future.
The State Government Resolution (GR) dated October 25 has mentioned that there has been a rise in temperature by 0.8 degree Celsius and sea level has increased by 23 cm since 1880. This has resulted in adverse climatic changes like irregular rain, drought, earthquakes, floods, water logging, food security issues, increase in disease, decrease in forest biodiversity and many such issues over the years.
During 1970 to 2000, UK Met Office and The Energy and Research Institute (TERI) had developed a regional climate modelling system (PRECIS model) and HadRM3P model under which they had predicted the weather and temperature change for the period 2030, 2050 and 2070.
Therefore, the State government has planned and proposed few measures to prevent this drastic climatic changes in future. It has suggested that on primary basis, there must be an increase in quality of ecological services. Citizens and villagers must come forward to undertake the responsibility of forest protection and its enrichment. By building bunds at hillsides, reduce the intensity of water flow. Replenish river and other water sources.
The government has also emphasised that farmers must be timely educated about keeping their crops away from inflicting pests and disease and maintain their quality. They must be alerted about temperature changes as well. The State has also urged for promoting the use of solar energy and wind power projects.
Maha likely to witness temp rise
† Maharashtra is likely to experience a rise in average temperature while the minimum temperature will increase higher than the maximum temperature.
† This unnatural temperature change will also have a severe impact on agriculture especially during the period of 2030, 2050 and 2070.
† There are higher chances that crops like pomegranate, grapes, oranges, bananas, mangoes and others will be majorly affected by pests and diseases.