Pune: MA Sayeed, member of Maharashtra State Human Rights Commission, said that individuals should perform their fundamental duties to respect human rights. He was speaking at Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), New Law College, Kothrud, which had organised a one-day training programme in ‘Basic Human Rights’ on Saturday.
Sayeed further added, “Human rights are not fundamental rights but fundamental duties as such. Article 51(a) states that citizens should perform and obey their duties. Human rights are recognised since ages by Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) 1948, which states the vision to secure human rights. In Vedic times, human rights were laid down by Rigved.”
He stated three civil rights i.e. body, dwelling, and life. “Mahabharata and Dharm also stated civil, legal and economic rights. Human rights were ingrained in two main categories - covenant on civil and political rights, and covenant on social, cultural and economic rights. Civil rights include freedom of speech and expression, equality before the law. Social rights include right to culture, work and education. These two categories are ingrained in our Indian Constitution under fundamental rights and directive principles. In Magna Carta 1215, Bill of rights states the right to election, speech, against cruelty and inhuman practices, which are nothing but human rights. United Nations, after the Second World War, worked for peace and protection of human rights. As per the Indian Constitution, Article 21 talks about ‘every person’ and Article 51(a) talks about ‘every citizen’.
Prof Dr Mukund Sarda, Dean and Principal, BVDU, New Law College, Pune, Dr Pradeep Kumar Saxena, President, Indo-European Education Foundation, Poland, Prof Dr TSN Sastry, Professor of Law and University Co-ordinator For Human Rights Education Programme, Department of Law, Savitribai Phule Pune University, were also present.