Pune: According to the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) for the year 2016-17, Maharashtra is amongst the top eight states in the country when it comes to the number of colleges. The survey was released by the Union Minister for Human Resource and Development (HRD) Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi on Saturday. The survey covers all universities, colleges and standalone institutes in India.
Javadekar said that there was an increase in overall enrollment from 27.5 million in 2010-11 to 35.7 million in 2016-17 and improvement in Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER), which is the ratio of enrollment in higher education to population in the eligible age group (18-23) years, from 19.4 per cent in 2010-11 to 25.2 per cent in 2016-17. He expressed the hope that a GER ratio of 30 per cent would be achieved by 2022.
As per the key results of the survey, Maharashtra stands second as far as the number of student enrollment is concerned, after Uttar Pradesh. The survey points out that the enrollment to higher education this year constitutes 46.2 per cent girls. The GER for males is 25.4 per cent and 23.5 per cent for females. Speaking about this, Javadekar said that Gender Parity Index (GPI), a ratio of representation of females and males, has improved from 0.86 to 0.94 to the corresponding period.
To give a further boost to girl students, the minister also announced that the supernumerary quota in IITs will be increased. However, at all-India level, there are merely 64 female teachers per 100 male teachers.
The total number of foreign students enrolled in higher education is 45,424, states the survey. The foreign students come from 165 different countries. The top ten countries constitute 62 per cent of the total foreign students enrolled. Highest share of foreign students comes from neighbouring countries, Nepal (21%), followed by Afghanistan (10%) and Bhutan (6%). Nigeria and Sudan constitutes 5 per cent each.
The GER for Scheduled Castes is 19.9 per cent, and for Scheduled Tribes, it is 14.2 per cent, as compared to the national GER of 24.5 per cent. The survey was initiated in 2011 to prepare a robust database on higher education, which later became an annual exercise.
Other highlights of the survey
- At undergraduate level, the highest number (40 per cent) of students are enrolled in Arts/Humanities/Social Sciences courses, followed by Science (16 per cent), Engineering and Technology (15.6 per cent) and Commerce (14.1 per cent).
- Maximum number of students are enrolled in B.A. programmes followed by B.Sc. and B.Com. programmes. Only 10 programmes out of approximately 180 cover 83 per cent of the total students enrolled in higher education
- Distance enrollment constitutes about 11.05 per cent of the total enrollment in higher education, of which 46.3 per cent are female students.
- 14 universities are exclusively for women, four in Rajasthan, two in Tamil Nadu and one each in Andhra
- Pradesh, Assam, Delhi, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttarkhand and West Bengal.