Pune: Almost 88 per cent of 1,009 journals analysed from the University Grants Commission (UGC) approved journal list were found predatory, bogus and dubious, reveals a study. Only 112 journals were found to be reliable.
A study was conducted by a professor at Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU), Bhushan Patwardhan and his team including Shubhada Nagarkar, Shridhar R Gadre, Subhash Lakhotia, Vishwa Mohan Katoch and David Moher.
Out of 5,669 journals from university sources component of the ‘UGC-approved list’, 1,336 were randomly selected for analysis. The analysis covered 1,009 journals, excluding 327 which were indexed in Scopus/Web of Science as analysis was based on only non-indexed journals.
The research paper stated that 34.5 per cent which is 349 out of 1,009 journals were disqualified under the basic criteria of incorrect or non-availability of essential information such as address, website details and names of editors. Another 528 which means 52.3 per cent of them provided false information such as incorrect international standard serial number (ISSN), false claims about impact factor, claimed indexing in dubious indexing databases or had poor credentials of editors.
Out of the remaining, 132 journals analysed for secondary criteria, 21 could not receive the minimal qualifying score of 6. As many as 112 journals out of the 1,009 non-indexed university source journals secured a score value of 6 or more.
'Thus, about 88.9 per cent of the non-indexed journals from the “university source” category of the UGC list did not satisfy the minimum requirements and are of low quality,” stated study.
Patwardhan stated it is tarnishing of the image of the nation. “In view of these results, the current UGC-approved list of journals needs serious reconsideration. New regulations to curtail unethical practices in scientific publishing along with organisation of awareness programmes about publication ethics at Indian universities and research institutes are urgently needed,” said Patwardhan.
The UGC-approved list of journals is required for various academic purposes, including the appointment of faculty, evaluation of their performance for career advancement, and submission of doctoral theses.