‘Women’s rights scenario improves in India’

Anvita Srivastava
Sunday, 3 March 2019

Unemployment in women is increasing but it is never considered as a problem because in our society, men is the sole bread winner. —  Shruti Tambe (Head of Sociology Department, SPPU)

PUNE: The World Bank’s study on ‘Women, Business and The Law (WBL) 2019’ which examines the women’s legal rights in the world over the past decade, has shown a significant improvement not just in the world, but also in India. 

As per the reports, “The average global score is 74.71 which shows that a typical economy gives women only three-fourths the legal rights of men in the measured areas.” Ten years ago, the score was 70.06. WBL 2019 in India is 71.25 while in 2009, it was 62.5.

Manisha Gupte, Co-Convener, Mahila Sarvangeen Utkarsh Mandal (MASUM), a Pune-based NGO that works for the welfare of women, said, “The situation is definetly improved in terms of gender equality and that is the reason we are having a discussion about the same. But there is still lot of lacuna in the system as the changes happened at a very superficial level.”

“There is a gender gap in India in terms of employment, just like there is social classification of gender, in the same way there is a classification in work as well. There is discrimination as work is also divided on the basis of gender and also a lot of women work in informal sector which is never taken into account,” she added.

She also highlighted how men negotiate their salaries aggressively whereas women don’t because they have to consider domestic issues, so they make compromises.

Shruti Tambe, Head of Department Sociology, University of Pune and a leading commentator on contemporary socio-cultural phenomenon in Maharashtra, said the scenario in India is still contaminated with patriarchal bias. “The gender bias present in the society is carried forward to corporate sector as well on a sub-conscious level, resulting in discrimination at workplace.”

She further said, “Due to gender stereotype, women are not able to continue their job for longer period of time. They have to discontinue it due to various reasons like sexual harassment at workplace, marriage and pregnancy.”

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