‘Severe climate change will be felt soon’

Namrata Devikar
Tuesday, 15 January 2019

“The Earth is also gradually heating up. The northern hemisphere is heating up faster than southern. The temperatures are slowly rising." cautioned Lipps

PUNE: The overall temperature rise due to climate change will be between eight and 12 degrees if no sustainable steps are taken to address this key issue globally, said Jere Lipps. 

Lipps is a professor at the University of California, Berkeley, United States of America (USA), and has been writing and teaching about climate change for the past 40 years. He was in the city to deliver a lecture at SP College on Monday on ‘Climate Change: Impact on India’.

“The Earth is also gradually heating up. The northern hemisphere is heating up faster than southern. The temperatures are slowly rising. The temperature is set to rise up to to 12 degrees. This also means that the ice across the globe with melt and subsequently the water levels will rise. The beaches we admire today, like in Goa will no more be there,” cautioned Lipps.

IMPACT ON INDIA
Lipps underlined that the effect of climate change will, in turn, result in more heat waves, droughts, wildfires and cyclones in India.  

“These effects are reported and recorded worldwide and India will be no exception,” he added.

“There will be increasing monsoons, sea level rising, habitat disruption and biodiversity decline and an increase in ocean acidification,” said Lipps. In the USA, while the east coast bears extreme cold weather, states like California have wildfires and severe heat waves. “There is so much contrast in these weather patterns and all of this is because of climate change,” said Lipps.

THE NEXT GENERATION
Lipps said that in the lifetime of the next generation, there will be an increase in temperature by three to six degrees Celsius. “The sea level will increase by up to eight metres. Oceans will be more acidic and all the petroleum will be used up. These will be the impacts of climate change and its not after the next 100 years, it is happening now and the next generation will witness its more adverse effects,” said Lipps.

POPULATION A THREAT
Rising population will need more resources which in turn would require more fuel and thus emitting more carbon dioxide, Lipps said. “Population adds to the annual input of carbon dioxide. If a person graphically traces increase in population and the carbon emission, the graph shows a steep rise between 1959 and 2006,” he said. “The use of fuels while driving vehicles causes pollution and worldwide shipping leaves a lot of oil. In order to check this, we have to stop these emissions. Otherwise, we have to learn to adapt to a harder environment. We also have to adapt food changes and change in biodiversity,” said Lipps.

CAUSE OF CONCERN
- India’s carbon footprint is the third highest in the world after China and USA.
- Jere Lipps, a professor at the University of California, said there is a need for more awareness as there are many people who say climate change is not real, but scientific data shows that it is very much there.

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