Pune: A Golwilkar Metropolis Study reveals that every 4 in 10 Punekars suffer from abnormal haemoglobin level. The study also shows that in the age group of 0-10, out of 28,813 samples being tested, 65 per cent children had abnormal haemoglobin levels putting them at higher risk.
A data analysis of over 6,59,353 samples tested at Golwilkar Metropolis at Pune between the age group of 0 and 80 years over five years from 2013 to 2017 revealed the facts.
Haemoglobin in the blood carries oxygen from the respiratory organs to the rest of the body. It releases the oxygen to permit aerobic respiration to provide energy to power the functions of the organism in the process called metabolism.
If a test reveals that the haemoglobin level is lower than normal, it means that there is low red blood cell count which is also termed as anaemia. Anaemia can have many different causes, including vitamin deficiencies, bleeding and chronic diseases.
If a haemoglobin test shows a higher than normal level, there are several potential causes, the blood disorder polycythaemia vera, living at a high altitude, smoking and dehydration.
The study also shows that 39 per cent of the total samples tested showed abnormal haemoglobin level. The age group of 30 to 40 years showed maximum levels of abnormal haemoglobin at about 17 per cent followed by the age group of 20 to 30 at about 14 per cent.
Speaking of the study, Dr Sushil Shah, Chairman, Golwilkar Metropolis Healthcare Ltd said the Global Nutrition Report that came out in 2017 put India at the bottom of the table with regard to anaemia.
“It is important that women undergo tests to diagnose anaemia and take corrective measures. Anaemia has dangerous implications especially during the childbearing age,”said Shah.
Normal range of haemoglobin
† The normal range for haemoglobin for men is 13.5 to 17.5 grams per decilitre. For women, the normal range is 12.0 to 15.5 grams per decilitre.
† There are a number of ways to increase haemoglobin levels. Intake of iron-rich foods such as eggs, spinach, artichokes, beans, lean meats, seafood and foods rich in vitamin B6, folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin C are important for maintaining normal haemoglobin levels. Intake of foods items like fish, vegetables, nuts, cereals, peas and citrus fruits are also important.