New Delhi: India on Tuesday celebrated its 71st Independence Day peacefully, with Prime Minister Narendra Modi declaring that "goli" (bullet) and "gaali" (abuse) cannot resolve the Kashmir problem.
Millions poured out of their homes to take part in events big and small all across the country. A shutdown called by separatists affected life in the Kashmir Valley and in some parts of the northeast.
The highlight of the day was Modi's fourth speech from the 17th century Red Fort where he unfurled the national flag and vowed to build a "New India" minus corruption and terrorism by 2022.
"Security of the country is our priority. Internal security is our priority. Whether it is our oceans or borders, cyber world or space, for all kinds of security India is capable of defeating all such inimical forces," Modi said amid a dragging border row with China.
He said "bullets" and "abuses" cannot solve Jammu and Kashmir's problem but love can, urging people to embrace Kashmiris and asking the militants to take to the mainstream.
Beyond India, the day was also celebrated by Indians living abroad. Even the Indian cricket team got into the act at its hotel in Colombo.
Amid clear weather, thousands thronged the Red Fort to listen to Modi. Similar scenes were seen in almost all major venue across the country.
From tricolour marks on cheeks to flag designs printed on T-shirts, from tricolour caps to suits, the Indian flag could be seen everywhere.
Despite persistent tensions, border guards of India and Pakistan exchanged sweets along the International Border in Punjab.
RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat's unfurling the Indian tricolour at a government-aided school in Kerala's capital Thiruvananthapuram even after being told by authorities that political personalities are not allowed to do so triggered a row.
Days after over 60 children died in a Gorakhpur hospital, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath termed the tragedy an "eye-opener" and sought to blame it on encephalitis.
In neighbouring Bihar, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar pledged to provide good governance and not to compromise with corruption.
In Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti asked the young to give up guns and stones and also vowed to fight for the state's special Constitutional status.
Goa Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar ordered a crackdown on rave parties and late-night music events in remote areas of his state.
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee unfurled the tricolour and oversaw a colourful parade at the arterial Indira Gandhi Sarani.
In Bhubaneswar, Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik suddenly felt unwell while addressing the gathering. Aides later said he was fine.
Independence Day celebrations were also reported from Hyderabad, Shimla, Thiruvananthapuram, Dehradun, Chandigarh, Gurugram, Gurdaspur, Aizwal and other state capitals and major cities.